Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering

ECTS Course Overview

Description of individual course units


Following fields are not relevant for Exchange students:

  • Type of Course Unit
  • Level of Course Unit
  • Year of Study

Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit CodeCourse Unit TitleNumber of ECTS Credits Allocated
618-0402/01Metallurgy5 ECTS credits
Type of Course UnitCompulsory
Level of Course UnitFirst Cycle
Year of StudyThird Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
SOC02Ing. Ladislav Socha, Ph.D.
CAM01doc. Ing. Libor Čamek, Ph.D.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
- student will be able to characterize basic terms from field metallurgy
-student will be able formulate to basic reduction processes during ironmaking.
- student will be able to characterize basic terms problems of steel production in steelmaking aggregates
Recommended Optional Programme Components
Monitoring of others source of information (journals: Acta Metallurgica Slovaca, Stahl und Eisen, Ironmaking and Steelmaking)
Course Contents

Part 1- Ironmaking

1.Theoretical processes in blast furnace.Basic response characteristics of ore, sinter, pellets, coke.
2.Charge and processes in blast furnace, basic principles in blast furnace
3.Theoretical reducing gas consumption. Physico-chemical reactions in blast furnace.
4.Quality control of pig iron in blast furnace.Pig iron grades.
5.Alternative methods of pig iron production.Direct reduction.
6.Trends and innovative in blast furnace processes
7. Ecological problems of pig iron production, BAT technology

Part 2- Steelmaking
1. Affinity of elements to oxygen. Distribution of oxygen between slag and metal. Steelmaking slags.
2. Theory of reactions running at steelmaking and steel refining: Oxidation of Si and Mn, transfer of oxygen from atmosphere into hot metal. Dephosphorisation of steel. Desulphurisation of steel. Carbon reaction.
3. Steelmaking in basic oxygen furnaces (BOF) - LD converter, OBM converter. Steelmaking in tandem, electric and SM furnaces.
4. Theoretical basis of steel deoxidation. Methods of deoxidation. Cleanness of steel.
5. Main procedures of steel treatment by secondary metallurgy and their effects.
6.Casting of steel into ingot moulds. Top pouring and bottom pouring. Crystallisation and solidification of steel, segregation.
7.Continuous casting of steel, classification, advantages, disadvantages, economics. Design of continuous casting machine (CCM).


Part 1- Ironmaking

1. Introduction, definition of key variables and concept, special excursion-Geological Collections
2. Calculations of the iron amount from different charge types
3. Calculation of the quantity of alkaline additives in the blast furnace charge, data for individual semestral work No1
4. Calculation of the amount of top gas and the amount of dry wind blowing.
5. Partial elemental carbon balance in the blast furnace, determining the amount of carbon burned at the tuyeres and carbon for direct reduction, data for individual semestral work No2
6. Material balance blast furnace process, the determination of direct and indirect reduction, data for paper presentation
7. The actual presentation of results and discussion, final test

Part 2- Steelmaking
1.Standards of steel, examples.
2.Reactions between metal and slag, decarburisation of steel, calculations.
3.Reactions of desulphurisation, dephosphorisation and decarburisation of steel, examples, calculations.
4.Calculation of material and thermal balance of LD process.
5.Plant tour.
6.Video-programs – steelmaking and treatment of steel by secondary metallurgy, EAF, CCM.
7.Evaluation of exercises, credit.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
[1] GHOSH, H.; CHATTERJEE, A. Ironmaking and Steelmaking: Theory and Praktice. Textbook. PHI Learning Pyt. Ltd, 2008, 472 p. ISBN 978-81-203-3289-8.

[2] BABICH,A.,SENK,D., GUDENAU, H.W., MAVROMMATIS, K.TH. IRONMAKING. Textbook, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen 2008, 402 p. ISBN 386-13-0997-1.

[3] STOLTE, G. Secondary Steelmaking. CRP Press, USA, 2002, 322 p.,ISBN 978-08-493-0264-0.
[1] BILÍK, J. Aktuální problémy užití uhlí v metalurgii železa. Monografie. Ostrava, 2002, 1.vydání : VŠB – TU Ostrava, 67 s. ISBN 80-248-0179-5.

[2] BILÍK, J., BARTUSEK, S. Hutnictví železa - návody ke cvičení z železářství a koksárenství, VŠB Ostrava, Ostrava 1991, 85 s.
Recommended Reading:
[1] CHATTERJEE, A. Beyond the blast furnace. CRC Press, USA, 1993, 272 p., ISBN 978-08-493-6676-5.

[1] ROUBÍČEK, V., BUCHTELE, J. Uhlí – zdroje, procesy, užití. Montanex Ostrava, 2002, 173 s., ISBN 80-7225-063-9.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Seminars, Individual consultations, Tutorials, Project work
Assesment methods and criteria
Tasks are not Defined
Work placement(s)
The praktice is not part of the subject.

© 2014 VŠB-TU Ostrava