Accident Prevention

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Course Unit Code040-0075/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
BAR44doc. Ing. Ivana Bartlová, CSc.
BER72prof. Dr. Ing. Aleš Bernatík
SKR092Ing. Jan Skřínský, Ph.D.
PER126Ing. Michaela Skřížovská, Ph.D.
Summary
Types of accidents (incidents). Industrial accidents and their phenomena. Overview and analysis of major industrial accidents. Legislative securing the system of major accident prevention and preparedness (SEVESO Directives, Act No. 59/2006 Coll. on Major Accident Prevention). Analysis of basic safety requirements and their application to ensure the operational safety of chosen technologies.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Define the types of accidents (incidents). Clarify industrial accidents and their effects. Analyze the major industrial accidents. Discuss legislative system security prevention and preparedness for major accidents (in the CR and the EU).
Interpret safety standards and their application to ensure the safety of selected technologies
Course Contents
1. INTRODUCTION
Emergencies - Accidents - explanation of basic terms of emergencies (natural, anthropogenic, combined) and their occurrence. Serious accidents and their effects.
2. CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS
Analysis of the causes of accidents involving dangerous substances (equipment failures, deviations from normal operating conditions, human error and organizational errors). Overview and interpretation of the accident that took place in the world and in the CR - fires, explosions, spills and release of toxic substances, the possible combinations.
3. IDENTIFYING THE POSSIBILITY OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
Groups hazards of substances and their definition, information on hazardous properties, safety measures and labeling - for example, CAS number, EC number, a database of hazardous substances, information on the Internet. Classification and numeric labeling of dangerous substances for transport (UN-code identification number of the hazard).
4. PREVENTION AND PREPAREDNESS IN MAJOR ACCIDENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Security system of prevention and preparedness for major accidents in Europe, the emergence and development. Seveso I directive, the Seveso II directive, the amendment of Council Directive 96/82 / EC so-called Seveso II Directive. directives.
5. RESOURCES AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF IMPLEMENTATION SEVESO II.
Committee of competent authorities - Committee including of Competent Authorities (CCA).
Methodical materials (processed MAHB). Information System of the installations covered by the directive - the Seveso Plant Information Retrieval System (SPIRS) information system for major accidents - Major Accident Reporting System (MARS).
6..PREVENTION AND PREPAREDNESS FOR MAJOR ACCIDENT IN CR.
Security system of prevention and preparedness for major accidents in the Republic, the emergence and development. Act No. 353/1999 Coll. On the prevention of major accidents, as amended, and the importance of its implementing regulations. Act No. 59/2006 Coll. Prevention of major accidents - the scope and basic requirements.
7. RESPONSIBILITIES OF OPERATORS
Notification requirements, inclusion of protocol, meaning, and how to handle security program and how important safety report.
8. RESPONSIBILITIES OF OPERATORS
The content and manner of an internal emergency plan documents for the establishment of off-site emergency plan, the determination of the emergency planning zone, the plan of physical protection, risk insurance.
9. STATE ADMINISTRATION
The rights and obligations ME, MI, CEI, and especially regional offices, implementation of integrated inspection.
10. PRINCIPLES OF FIRE PREVENTION AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES Explosion.
Primary protection, secondary protection, protection of the tertiary - explanations of concepts and practical applications
11. ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
Definition and classification of flammable liquids. Distances of technological equipment. Detection and emergency reservoirs. Storage tanks - design and equipment modifications. Specific requirements for the manufacture of spirits, the use of flammable solvents in paint shops.
12th ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR SECURITY AND LIQUEFIED GASES
Properties of liquefied petroleum gas. Location of storage and production facilities. Precautionary measures for storage and production.
13th APPLICATION prevention requirements, based on the analysis of risks to manufacturing processes
Production of high PE (compression, polymerization).
14th RESERVE


Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Schneid a kol. : Disaster management and preparedness, 2000 by CRC Press LLC. ISBN 1-56670-524-X



Bartlová, I,, Pešák, M.: Analýza nebezpečí a prevence průmyslových havárií II. SPBI Ostrava 2003, 138s. ISBN 80-86634-30-2
Bartlová, I.: Prevence a připravenost na závažné havárie. SPBI Ostrava 2008, 57s. ISBN 970-80-7385-049-4

Recommended Reading:
Council directive 96/82/EC and novelization 2003/105/ES,SEVESO II directive
Council directive 2012/18/EU, SEVESO III directiveZákon č. 59/2006 Sb., o prevenci závažných havárií.
Zákon č. 59/2006 Sb., o prevenci závažných havárií.
Nařízení vlády č. 254/2006 Sb., o kontrole nebezpečných látek.
Vyhláška Ministerstva životního prostředí č. 255/2006 Sb., o rozsahu a způsobu zpracování hlášení o závažné havárií a konečné zprávy o vzniku a dopadech závažné havárie.
Vyhláška Ministerstva životního prostředí č. 256/2006 Sb., o podrobnostech systému prevence závažných havárií.
Vyhláška Ministerstva vnitra č. 103/2006 Sb., o stanovení zásad pro vymezení zóny havarijního plánování a o rozsahu a způsobu vypracování vnějšího havarijního plánu.
Vyhláška Ministerstva průmyslu a obchodu č. 250/2006 Sb., kterou se stanoví rozsah a obsah bezpečnostních opatření fyzické ochrany objektů nebo zařízení zařazených do skupiny A nebo do skupiny B.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Exercises evaluation and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        Exercises evaluationCredit30 15
        ExaminationExamination70 21