Blast Effects on Buildings

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Course Unit Code030-0079/03
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Choice-compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *Second Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
MYN03Ing. Miroslav Mynarz, Ph.D.
Summary
Understanding the assessment of building structures with regard to their safety and reliability under load blast. Analysis of parameters describing the blast load. Application of the theory of limit states for design and construction assessment blast load. Design structure for assessing the situation in the blast. Principle of simplifying the calculation of response structures for blast loads using 1D, 2D, 3D models construction and valuation uncertainty in determining response of the structure calculation. .Distances for the safe transfer of the effects of an explosion. Requirements analysis and evaluating the resistance of the structure, loaded explosion, according to Eurocodes.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Interpretation and application rules for the design and evaluation of building structures with regard to their safety and reliability during blast load. External and internal explosion of condensed explosives, a cloud of dust and gas mixtures. Basic requirements on the parameters describing the explosion as accidental actions and load characteristics of the building structure.
Principles of design and assessment of structures under blast load according to the theory of limit states. Design states assessment of the design in an explosion. Assessment of risk for design load blast effects.
Course Contents
1. Principles of simplifying the calculation of response of structures to blast loads, 1D, 2D and 3D design and uncertainty in determining the response of a structure calculation. Effects of load-bearing elements on the resistance of the structure.
2. Criteria for assessment of the design under overpressure blast wave from the blast. Effects of time pressure on the resistance of the structure.
3. Distances for the safe transfer of the effects of an explosion.
4. Requirements for analysis and evaluation of resistance of the structure, loaded explosion, according to Eurocodes.
5. Examples of simplified verification resistance construction.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Dusenberry, D. O.: Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-17054-0

Cormie, D., Mays, G., Smith, P.: Blast Effecte on Buildings. ICE Publishing, Inc. 2009, ISBN 978-0-7277-3521-8

Design of Blast-Resistannt Buildings in Petrochemicals Facilities. American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010, ISBN 13: 978-0-7844-1088-2
Holický M., Marková J.: Zásady navrhování konstrukcí podle ČSN EN 1990, ČKAIT Praha 2007
Makovička, D., Janovský, B.: Příručka protivýbuchové ochrany staveb, Česká technika – nakladatelství ČVUT v Praze, 2008.
ČSN EN 1991-1-7 (73 0035): 2007, Eurokód 1: Zatížení konstrukcí – Část 1-7: Obecná zatížení – Mimořádná zatížení.
Recommended Reading:
Baker, W.E. et al.: Explosion Hazards and Evaluation, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1983.
Kennedy, R. P. et al.: Design and Evakuation Guideliness for Department of Energy Facilities Subjected to Natural Phenomena Hazards. US Department of Energy, Report UCRL-15910, Washington, 1990.
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Introduction,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Introduction.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Terminology,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Terminology.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Explosion of gas and vapors,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Explosion%20of%20gas%20and%20vapors.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Explosion of a Condensed Explosive,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Explosion%20of%20a%20Condensed%20Explosive.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Response of structures,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Response%20of%20structures.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Repair and strengthening of structures,2012, available from: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Repair%20and%20strengthening%20of%20structures.pdf
Baker, W.E. et al.: Explosion Hazards and Evaluation, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1983.
Kennedy, R. P. et al.: Design and Evakuation Guideliness for Department of Energy Facilities Subjected to Natural Phenomena Hazards. US Department of Energy, Report UCRL-15910, Washington, 1990.
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Úvod do problematiky účinky výbuchů na stavby,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Introduction.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Názvosloví a terminologie,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Terminology.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Výbuch plynů a par,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Explosion%20of%20gas%20and%20vapors.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Výbuch kondenzovaných výbušnin,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Explosion%20of%20a%20Condensed%20Explosive.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Odezva konstrukcí na výbuch,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Response%20of%20structures.pdf
Mynarz, M.: Explosion Protection of Buildings, Rekonstrukce a zesílení konstrukcí,2012, dostupné z: https://fbiweb.vsb.cz/mynarz/pdf/UVS_Repair%20and%20strengthening%20of%20structures.pdf
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Exercises evaluation and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        Exercises evaluationCredit30 10
        ExaminationExamination70 30