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Operating Systems

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code460-2016/03
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Optional
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *Second Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites
PrerequisitiesCourse Unit CodeCourse Unit Title
460-8701Programming in C/C++
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
OLI10Ing. Petr Olivka, Ph.D.
Summary
The subject represents basic priciples and implementation methods of operating systems. Principles of modern operating systems, their functions and used methods.
Even there are lectured universal methods, this subject is focused to Unix family. After this study, students will bi able write program with processes and threads and some base types of interprocess comunication.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Course goal is to introduce functionality of operating system, describe its parts, explain their usage and show practical implementation.
Course Contents
1. Operating systems, history, concept, structure.
2. Process, inter-process communication, semaphores, monitors, messages.
3. Well known IPC problems - dining philosophers, readers and writers, sleeping barber.
4. Process scheduling - Round-Robin, priorities, multiple queues, two level scheduling.
5. Memory management, mono and multi programming, memory usage, bitmaps, lists.
6. Virtual memory, paging, page replacement algorithms.
7. Paging algorithms modeling, segmentation
8. File systems - file, directory, implementation.
9. File system safety, save environment, users authentication.
10. Security mechanisms, protected domains, access lists, protection models.
11. Input/output, I/O principles, drivers.
12. Dead lock, conditions of deadlock, models, dead lock detection.
13. Dead lock rising, prevention, two phases locking, apparent dead lock
14. New trends in OS, RT systems, OS for embedded devices.

Labs:
1. Unix introduction and basics of programming in C/C++.
2. File redirection, redirection usage for own programs. SSH, remote shell.
3. Usage of make and Makefile. Static and dynamic library usage.
4. Processes, basics interprocess communication using pipes.
5. System call exec, redirection of stdin and stdout.
6. Sockets, socket server, socket client.
7. Usage of threads in processes.
8. Semaphores used for processes synchronization.
9. Message queue, shared memory.
10. File locking.
11. Project development.
12. Project presentation and submission.

Project:
Implementation of selected well-known IPC problem. Client will communicate with server using sockets.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Tanenbaum, Andrew S.: Operating Systems: Design and Implemetation (Prentice-Hall, 1987)
Tanenbaum, Andrew S. Bos H.: Modern Operating Systems Prentice Hall Press, 2014
Cvičení:
Neil Matthew, Richard Stones: Linux - Beginning Linux Programming
A. D. Marshall, Programming in C - UNIX System Calls and Subroutines using C, http://www.cs.cf.ac.uk/Dave/C/
Tanenbaum, Andrew S.: Operating Systems: Design and Implemetation Prentice Hall, 1987, český překlad knihy.
Tanenbaum, Andrew S. Bos H.: Modern Operating Systems (4th Edition), Prenitice Hall Press, 2014
Cvičení:
Neil Matthew, Richard Stones: Linux - Začínáme programovat (Computer Press, 2000)
A. D. Marshall, Programming in C - UNIX System Calls and Subroutines using C, http://www.cs.cf.ac.uk/Dave/C/
Recommended Reading:
Daniel P. Bovet, Marco Cesani: Understanding the Linux Kernel (O'Reilly, 2003)

Stevens Richard W.: Advanced programming in the Unix Environment (Addison--Wesley, 1993)
Stevens Richard W.: UNIX Network Programming, Volume 1 (Prentice Hall PTR, 1998)
Stevens Richard W.: UNIX Network Programming, Volume 2 (Prentice Hall PTR, 1999)
Maurice J. Bach: Principy operačního systému UNIX (Softwarové Aplikace a Systémy, 1993)
Daniel P. Bovet, Marco Cesani: Understanding the Linux Kernel (O'Reilly, 2003)
Cvičení

Stevens Richard W.: Advanced programming in the Unix Environment (Addison--Wesley, 1993)
Stevens Richard W.: UNIX Network Programming, Volume 1 (Prentice Hall PTR, 1998)
Stevens Richard W.: UNIX Network Programming, Volume 2 (Prentice Hall PTR, 1999)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials, Project work
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit45 (45)23
                Úkoly ve cvičeníchOther task type45 23
        ExaminationExamination55 (55)28
                ZkouškaWritten examination55 28