Principles of Physics

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code480-2400/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated2 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites There are no prerequisites or co-requisites for this course unit
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
TRO70Mgr. Jana Trojková, Ph.D.
HRA01Mgr. Ing. Kamila Hrabovská, Ph.D.
ZIV01doc. Ing. Ondřej Životský, Ph.D.
Summary
This course is designed to help the first-year students improve
their understanding of fundamental principles of physics. After the
introduction of the scientific approach to understanding nature, the
role of measurement and basic units, it is mainly focused on the topics
of mechanics of particle-like bodies, statics of rigid bodies and
simple mechanics of fluids. The significance of conservation laws in
physics is pointed out.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Repeat the basic knowledge from grammar school physics.
Define and characterize the basic physical principles and laws.
Solve the simple exercises and discuss their results.
Course Contents
Basic units and quantities of the International System of Units (SI), vectors and their usage in physics.

Kinematics of point-like objects, position vector, distance, velocity, acceleration, angular velocity and acceleration. Movements in Earth's gravitational field and along the circle.

Dynamics of point-like objects, linear momentum, Newton's motion laws. Illustration at examples of body at inclined plane with and without the friction. Inertial and drag forces.

Energy, work, conservation of mechanical energy and linear momentum.

Mathematics of infinitely low intervals, application of derivatives and integrals in physics.

Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1997;
Trojková J.: Základy fyziky, VŠB - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2007, ISBN 978-80-248-1527-5;
Svoboda E. a kol.: Přehled středoškolské fyziky, Prometheus, Praha 1998, ISBN 80-7196-116-7;
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1997;
Recommended Reading:
Feynman R.P., Leighton R.B., Sands M.: The Feynman lectures on physics, Vol. 1., Addison-Wesley 1966;
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika, Vutium Brno, ISBN: 80-214-1868-0;
Trojková J., Preliminary Course in Physics (CV500 701H/1104);
Feynman R.P., Leighton R.B., Sands M.: The Feynman lectures on physics, Vol. 1., Addison-Wesley 1966;
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Seminars, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Graded creditGraded credit100 (100)51
        Zápočtový testWritten test80 30
        AktivitaOther task type20 1