Steam Turbines

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Course Unit Code361-0539/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *Second Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
KOL10doc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
SMI0020Ing. Zdeněk Šmída
The subject belongs to a group of subjects which closely follows the subjects of thermomechanics, physics and hydromechanics.
Students acquire basic knowledge and awareness from the field of study the energy transformation in turbines. Creative thinking is further developed in complex theoretical calculations of the individual components of these energy transformation machines. An integral part of the teaching is the practical measurement of the energetic properties at measuring stands in laboratories. The aim of the subject is to form a professional profile of a graduate who will work as a designer of these energy transformation machines respectively as their operator with both technical and economic knowledge of categories and minimal disruption to the environment.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The aim of the subject is the gaining of an overview in the area of using individual types of steam turbines. Describe the processes that characterize energy transformation in individual thermal turbines. Describe the basic energy and economic evaluation criteria for steam turbines. Discussion of the economic and environmental consequences of energy transformation processes in turbines. Design of a complex solution for the management of energy processes in the machine halls of heat centrals.
Course Contents
1. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - R-C circulation,
2. Thermal cycles of steam turbines the calculation of the heat cycle, the definition of the efficiency of direct, comparative.
3. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - Carnotization steam home runs by changing the pressure in the condenser, by changing the parameters of the input pairs.
4. Thermal cycles of steam turbines - Carnotization steam home runs regenerativním heating power of water and přihříváním couples.
5. Types of steam turbines - condensing, bearng, specimen collection,
6. The working process of the ideal and the actual steam turbine in T-s and i-s diagram. The expansion curve. Euler turbomachinery equation.
7. Types of axial turbine stages - the reaction degree, planar vane-lattice, u/c1, max. enthalpy gradient
8. Types of axial turbine stages - an action stage, a planar vane lattice, u/c1, max. enthalpy gradient
9. Types of axial turbine stages - gear, planar vane-lattice, u/c1, max. enthalpy gradient.
10. Types of turbine stages - radial steam turbine - the main turbine equation, velocity triangle
11. Accessories R-C steam cycle and steam turbines - accompanying the machinery - Even.
12. Accessories R-C steam cycle and steam turbines - the accompanying machinery - II.
13. Power control of steam turbines.
14. Practical operation of steam turbines, - the expert of practice
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Alexander S. Leyzerovich: Steam Turbines for Modern Fossil Fuel Power Plants. The Fairmont Press, Inc., 700 Indian Trail, Lilburn, GA 30047. 2007. ISBN 0-88173-548-5 (print edition : alk. paper), ISBN 0-88173-549-3 (electronic edition,)ISBN 1-4200-6102-X (taylor & francis (distributor) : alk. paper)
BLOCH, P. Heinz, MURARI P. Singh. Steam Turbines Design, Applications and Re-Rating – Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009, 414 p. ISBN: 978-0-07-150821-6.
KADRNOŽKA, J.: Lopatkové stroje. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s. r. o. Brno, 2003. ISBN 80-7204-297-1.
KADRNOŽKA, J.: Tepelné turbíny a turbokompresory. Nakladatelství CERM, s. r. o, Brno,2004. ISBN 80-7204-346-3.
Recommended Reading:
LOGAN, E.Jr.: Handbook of Turbomachinery (Mechanical Engineering, No. 158) (2 ed.). New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0995-0.
KHAN, A., A.; GORLA, R.,S.R.: Turbomachinery: Design and Theory. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0980-2.
DONALD, K. M. B. Marine steam turbines. London: Marine Media Management, 1977, 141 p. ISBN: 0900976 58 6.
DIXON, S. Larry; HALL, Cesare. Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery – Fourth Edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013, 321 p. ISBN: 0 7506 7059 2.
SCHOBEIRI, M. T. Turbomachinery Flow Physics and Dynamic Performance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005, 522 p. ISBN: 3-540-22368-1.
ŠČEGLAJEV, V.: Parní turbíny. Praha, SNTL, 1983.
BEČVÁŘ, J.: Tepelné turbíny. Praha, SNTL, 1968.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Seminars, Individual consultations, Tutorials, Experimental work in labs, Project work
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit35 16
        ExaminationExamination65 35