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Water Treatment Technology

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code546-0148/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated4 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites There are no prerequisites or co-requisites for this course unit
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
KYN43prof. Dr. Ing. Miroslav Kyncl
HEV01doc. Ing. Silvie Heviánková, Ph.D.
Summary
The course provides general information about water treatment. Attention is paid to the treatment of various types of water and all technological processes used in the processing and production of drinking water and special water for various industrial applications (heating plants, boiler rooms, feed water).
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The aim is to acquaint students with the basic technological processes of water treatment for drinking and industrial use. Understand the individual technological principles and basic technological parameters.
Course Contents
1. Physical, chemical and biological properties of natural waters. Pollutants in water, quality requirements for drinking and service water, water sources.
2. Mechanical, chemical and biological processes of water treatment. Technological possibilities of individual water treatment processes, application examples.
3. Sedimentation, particle drop in liquid, settling and thickening of suspensions. Rectangular and circular settling tanks, calculation of technological parameters of settling tanks, law of surface loading.
4. Coagulation in water technology, colloidal destabilization, Stern bilayer model, zeta potential. Types of coagulants, perikinetic and orthokinetic coagulation. Water clarification, types of clarifiers.
5. Filtration of water, mechanism of particle trapping by a layer of granular material. Pressure conditions in the filter, types of filter cartridges, calculation of filtration and washing cycles.
6. Types of filters basic technological parameters, calculation of filtration rate, filter regeneration, possibilities of use in water technology.
7. Technological procedures of groundwater treatment, carbon dioxide and its forms in water, calcium-carbonate equilibrium. Physical and chemical processes of water deacidification, technological equipment.
8. Removal of iron and manganese from groundwater, forms of occurrence in water, process theory. Technological processes of alkalization and oxidation, biological processes. Catalytic manganese removal processes.
9. Ion exchange, process theory, cation exchange and anion exchange properties. Technological procedures of ion exchange and regeneration of ion exchangers. Water softening by chemical processes.
10. Water treatment by membrane processes, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis. Technological equipment and procedures. Examples of use.
11. Hygienic security of drinking water. Use of ultraviolet radiation, disinfection with chlorine and its compounds, ozone disinfection. Technological equipment for chemical dosing.
12. Adsorption from aqueous solutions, adsorbents and adsorbates. Physical adsorption and chemisorption, adsorption isotherms. Use in water technology.
13. Special technological processes of water treatment. Dechlorination, radon removal, biological nitrate removal, water fluoridation. Corrosive and incremental properties of water, magnetic water treatment.
14. Sludges from water treatment
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
DEGRÉMONT, SA. Water Treatment Handbook, 7th. ed. France 2007. ISBN 978-1-84585-005-KRIŠ, Josef, et al, Water Treatment, Montanex Ostrava 2013, ISBN 978-80-7225-389-0.
MALÝ, Josef a Jitka MALÁ. Chemie a technologie vody. Brno: ARDEC, 2006. ISBN 80-86020-50-9
GRÜNWALD, Alexander. Zdravotně inženýrské stavby 40 - úprava vody. Praha: ČVUT Praha, 2002
KYNCL, Miroslav. Technologie zpracování a využití vodárenských kalů. Ostrava: VŠB – TU Ostrava ve spolupráci s vydavatelstvím Montanex, 2007. ISBN 978-80-248-1604-3
DEGRÉMONT, SA. Water Treatment Handbook, 7th. ed. France 2007. ISBN 978-1-84585-005
Recommended Reading:
McBRIDE, Graham B. Using Statistical Methods for Water Quality Management: Issues, Problems and Solutions. John Wiley. 2005. ISBN 978-0-471-47016-3.
ŽÁČEK, Ladislav. Chemické a technologické procesy úpravy vody. Brno: NOEL 2000, 1999. ISBN 80-86020-22-3
BINDZAR, Jan. Základy úpravy a čištění vod. Praha: Vydavatelství VŠCHT, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7080-729-3
Vyhláška č.428/2001,kterou se provádí zákon o vodovodech a kanalizacích pro veřejnou potřebu.
McBRIDE, Graham B. Using Statistical Methods for Water Quality Management: Issues, Problems and Solutions. John Wiley, 2005. ISBN 978-0-471-47016-3
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 18