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Balneotechnology and Balneology

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code546-0812/03
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated4 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
HEV01prof. Ing. Silvie Heviánková, Ph.D.
he course is focused on natural mineral resources, especially mineral and thermal waters, their composition, treatment and possibilities of use, as well as on swimming pools, natural and artificial, on pool water, its treatment and disposal and on water management of swimming pools.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The aim is create an overview of the occurrence, properties and possible use of mineral and thermal water pools on the principles of design with regard to quality, treatment and disposal of pool water and pool water management areas.
Course Contents
1. Introduction - definitions; history of spas; physiological effects of bathing and swimming
2. Natural swimming pool - hygienic requirements, water monitoring, evaluation of water quality in natural swimming pools
3. Artificial swimming pools - initial design parameters, attendance, capacity of swimming pool areas, capacity of spa area
4. Artificial swimming pools - water source, quality requirements for swimming pool water
5. Recirculating pool water treatment - mechanical pre-treatment; filtration (coagulation filtration, alluvial filtration); disinfection, discharge and disposal of water, problems with swimming pool water quality
6. Natural mineral resources - their classification and basic characteristics, collection, internal and external balneation
7. Natural mineral waters of carbon dioxide - characteristics, utilization, procedures, localities in the Czech Republic
8. Natural iodine mineral waters - characteristics, utilization, procedures, localities in the Czech Republic
9. Natural mineral sulfur waters - characteristics, utilization, procedures, localities in the Czech Republic
10. Natural mineral waters, saline, alkaline, earthy, radon - characteristics, utilization, procedures, localities in the Czech Republic
11. Hot-spring gases and peloids - characteristics, utilization, procedures, localities in the Czech Republic/Slovak Republic
12. Important spa locations - Teplice nad Bečvou Spa, Priessnitz Therapeutic Spa, Klimkovice Spa
13. Important spa locations - Spa Karlovy Vary, Frantisek spa, Luhačovice spa
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Lehmann, J.F. Therapeutic heat and could. Baltimore USA, Williams a Wilkins, 1990, p 725
Water treatment Handbook, Seventh edition, Degremont: France 2007, ISBN 978-1-84585-005-0
Twort, A. Ratnayaka, D. Brand J.: Water supply, London IWA Publishing 2000, ISBN 0-340-72018-2
BIELA, Renata a Josef BERÁNEK. Úprava vody a balneotechnika. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2004. ISBN 80-214-2563-6.
BURACHOVIČ, Stanislav a Stanislav WIESER. Encyklopedie lázní a léčivých pramenů v Čechách, na Moravě a ve Slezsku. Praha: Libri, 2001. ISBN 80-7277-048-9.
JANDOVÁ, Dobroslava. Balneologie. Praha: Grada, 2009. ISBN 978-80-247-2820-9.
BALDERER, Werner, Adam POROWSKI, Hussein IDRIS a James W. LAMOREAUX, ed. Thermal and Mineral Waters: Origin, Properties and Applications. Berlin: Springer, 2014. ISBN 978-3-642-28823-4.
Recommended Reading:
WORCH, Eckhard. Hydrochemistry: basic concepts and exercises. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015. De Gruyter graduate. ISBN 978-3-11-031553-0.
KRIŠ, Jozef. Bazény, sauny, solária. Bratislava: Jaga group, 1999. ISBN 80-88905-09-5.
LÁTAL, Milan a František SVOBODA. Komplexní projekt ZI: vodárenství a balneotechnika. Brno: Vysoké učení technické, 1991. Učební texty vysokých škol. ISBN 80-214-0242-3.
MACKOVIČ, Marian. Lázeňství a balneotechnika. Plzeň: Západočeská univerzita, 1995. ISBN 80-7082-226-0.
KRÁSNÝ, Jiří. Groundwater in the Czech Republic: Regional Hydrogeology of Groundwaters and Mineral Waters. Prague: Czech Geological Survey, 2012. ISBN 978-80-7075-801-4.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials, Experimental work in labs, Project work, Field trip
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 18