Physics I - Mechanics and Molecular Physics

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Course Unit Code480-8313/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites There are no prerequisites or co-requisites for this course unit
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
CIP10doc. RNDr. Dalibor Ciprian, Ph.D.
Physics I is the first part of the basic physics course that provides comprehensive
overview of basic knowledge about physical bodies, particles and their
interaction. This course covers the mechanics of particles and rigid
solids, mechanical oscillations and waves, molecular physics, kinetic theory of gases and thermal phenomena.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Provide summary of basic physical facts about bodies, solid bodies, particles and their interaction.
Collect the basic principles and laws of the selected parts of the classical physics (mechanics, introduction to molecular physics, kinetic theory of gases and thermal phenomena).
Solve simple and more complicated problems and discuss their results.
Course Contents
1. Single particle motion: kinematic description, translation and rotation.
2. Dynamics and forces: Newton's laws, work and energy in mechanics.
3. Mechanics of rigid bodies: mass center, transltion, rotation and compound motions.
4. Impulse, momentum and collisions, Steiner's theorem.
5. Mechanical oscillations: free oscillations, damped and forced oscillations, superposition of oscillations.
6. Traveling and standing mechanical waves, wave equation, mechanical waves in three dimensions, interference phenomena.
7. Introduction to accoustic phenomena.
8. Introduction to mechanics ideal fluid: Pascal's law, hydrostatic pressure, Bernouli's equation and continuity equation
9. Fundamentals of molecular phenomena: introduction to physics of thermal phenomena
10. Basics of heat transfer
11. Kinetic theory of gases: equation of state for ideal gas, simple model of real gas.
12. Reversible phenomena in ideal gases, the entropy concept.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R., WALKER, J.: Fundamental of Physics (7/e), John Wiley and Sons. Inc., 2005;
HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R., WALKER, J.: FYZIKA 1-5, nakl. VUTIUM a Prométheus, Praha, 2000. Fundamentals of Physics. Extended (5. vydání);
KVASNICA, J., HAVRÁNEK, A., LUKÁČ, P., SPRUŠIL, B.: Mechanika 1. vyd., nakl. Praha, Academia, 1988.;
Recommended Reading:
WALKER, J., HALLIDAY D., RESNICK, R. Fundamentals of physics, 9th ed., extended, Hoboken: Wiley, 2011;
PAIN, H. J.: The physics of vibrations and waves (6/e), John Wiley and Sons. Inc., 2005;
FEYNMAN, R., LEIGHTON, R., SANDS, M.: Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky (díl 1), Fragment, Havlíčkův Brod, 2000;
MAIN, I. G. Kmity a vlny ve fyzice, 1. vyd. Academia Praha, 1990;

Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Seminars, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit40 (40)20
                Written test 1Written test20 10
                Written test 2Written test20 10
        ExaminationExamination60 (60)31
                Written examWritten examination30 16
                Oral examOral examination30 15