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Theory of Indoor Environment of Buildings

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Course Unit Code229-0212/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated4 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
SKO80doc. Ing. Iveta Skotnicová, Ph.D.
KOZ171Ing. Michaela Černínová, Ph.D.
Overview of factors, requirements and regulations for the indoor environment.
Internal microclimate - acoustic, thermal humidity, light, Odour and toxic aerosol, microbial, and electromagnetic, ionization, electrostatic, working with computer problems, relationship and health.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Students will acquire knowledge and skills in the theory of the internal environment of buildings. Students will learn how to characterize the effects of individual factors and their effects on humans. Acquainted with the possibilities of optimizing microclimate factors.
Course Contents
Syllabus of lectures:
1st Introduction. Overview of factors, requirements and regulations for the indoor environment. Basic concepts - components of the residential environment (physical, chemical, biological), sources and forms of agencies. Requirements for structures (residential, industrial and agricultural). Legal and health regulations.
2nd Noise and vibration - acoustic microclimate
Basic terminology, sources of noise in the building, noise and vibration on humans, the permissible noise limits, elimination of noise in the interior.
3rd Indoor climate: hygrothermal microclimate - temperature and humidity conditions (air, moisture, temperature). Thermal comfort, basic concepts, mechanisms of human thermoregulation. Evaluation of humans and the environment. Optimization of pulse. moisture. Microclimate. Technical equipment and systems to create internal microclimate of buildings (heating, ventilation and air conditioning).
4th Light, daylight, sunshine, and sunshine - light microclimate
Basic terminology, legislative requirements, daylight and solar radiation in the interior.
5th Factors harmful to health, buildings - pollutants from indoor and outdoor environments. Pollutants released from the construction industry. Influence of risk factors on human health.
6th Odors and toxic gases - Odour and toxic microclimate
Sources unpleasant and pleasant odor, odor exposure in humans, assessing the level of optimization and odérového microclimate source of toxic gases and their effect on human tolerance limits, the removal of toxic gases from the atmosphere.
7th Dust and liquid spray - aerosol microclimate
The type and size of aerosols, sources of aerosols, effects on the human body, the permissible limits, removal of aerosols from the atmosphere.
8th Biological factors - microbial microclimate
Microbes - viruses, bacteria, fungi. Arthropods, rodents, plants. Biological factors and the resulting health problems, protection against housing and sanitation.
9th Electromagnetic fields aeroionty - electromagnetic and microclimate elektroiontové
Electromagnetic waves and their sources, the effect on human tolerance limits, protection against electromagnetic waves, creating aeroiontů outside and inside the building, allowable and optimal parameters elektroiontového microclimate.
10th Ionization microclimate - ionizing radiation. Sources and radon. Radon in buildings. Permissible limits legislation. Protection against radon.
11th Static electricity - Electrostatic microclimate problems computing
Tvorba static electricity and its effects in the interior, a criterion for assessment of static electricity and reduce its work, the optimal microclimate conditions for computer work.
12th The relationship between work and health - from occupational diseases and safety. Mental microclimate -
Sick building syndrome.
13th FENG - Shui - Psychology Space

Syllabus Exercises:
1st Introduction - acquainted with the curriculum, the allocation of subjects to process and present students.
2nd Noise and vibration - acoustic microclimate
The basic acoustic calculations, the measurement noise.
3rd Hygrothermal microclimate - examples of calculation, measurement of heat-humidity microclimate of indoor environment.
4th Hygrothermal microclimate - examples of calculation. Enter program number 1.
5th Light microclimate
Examples of calculation, measurement of daylight
6th Student presentations and discussion on topics - Acoustic microclimate, light microclimate, hygrothermal microclimate.
7th Student presentations and discussion on issues - factors harmful to health, buildings Odour microclimate, microclimate Toxic.
8th Odors and toxic gases -
Playing with fragrances. Examples of calculation
9th Student presentations and discussion on topics - Aerosol microclimate, microclimate Microbial
10th Student presentations and discussion on topics - Electromagnetic microclimate, microclimate Elektroiontové
11th Student presentations and discussion on topics - Ion microclimate
12th Student presentations and discussion on topics - Electrostatic microclimate problems computing
13th Student presentations and discussions on subjects - relationship between work and health, psychological microclimate, sick building syndrome, Feng - Shui
14th Credit
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Roaf, S., Hancock, M. Energy Efficiency Building, Blackwell, Oxford 1992.
Jokl, M.: Zdravé obytné a pracovní prostředí. ACADEMIA, 2002.
Recommended Reading:
Applicable regulations and standards in the energy sector buildings.
Jiránek M., Kupilík V., Wasserbauer R.: Zdravotní nezávadnost staveb, ČKAIT 1999
Internet – stránky MŽP, MZ, SZÚ, zákony, vyhlášky, normy
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit35 18
        ExaminationExamination65 16