Compressors, Fans and Pumps

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Course Unit Code361-0507/05
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
KOL10doc. Ing. Kamil Kolarčík, CSc.
SMI0020Ing. Zdeněk Šmída
Summary
The subject belongs to a group of subjects which closely follows the subjects of thermomechanics, physics and hydromechanics.
Students acquire basic knowledge and awareness from the field of study the energy transformation in piston compressors, flow machines, dynamics compressors, fans and displacement and dynamics pumps. Creative thinking is further developed in complex theoretical calculations of the individual components of these energy transformation machines. An integral part of the teaching is the practical measurement of the energetic properties at measuring stands in laboratories. The aim of the subject is to form a professional profile of a graduate who will work as a designer of these energy transformation machines respectively as their operator with both technical and economic knowledge of categories and minimal disruption to the environment.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Understanding the working process of compressors and pumps.
Description of processes which characterize energy transformation in compressors and pumps.
Description of elementary energy and economic criteria of energy transformation evaluation.
Discussion of economical and environmental consequences of energy transformation.
Solution proposal of management of power engineering processes in compressors´ and pumps´ stations.
Course Contents
1. Introduction, repetition of thermomechanics and hydromechanics, division of power machines and their use.
2. The compression of the plot known? Compression isothermal, isentropic and polytropic fed and vented heat.
3. Reciprocating compressors with a linear movement of the piston the ideal and the real.
4. Reciprocating compressors with rotary motion of the piston, the shock of compression and expansion.
5. The regulation of the performance of displacement compressors.
6. The ideal degree of radial compressors, description of, energy transformation, Euler's equation.
7. The actual degree of radial compressors, the shapes of the blades of the rotor, the efficiency, the compression curve in the i-s diagram, the energy characteristics.
8. The ideal and the actual degree of axial turbocompressor, planar vane grids, vectors of velocity, the basic parameters, the angles of swing, the forces acting on an airfoil, the transformation of energy, Euler's equation, losses, efficiency of the transformation.
9. Fans axial flow (single stage with shifting degrees of R, VS R, two-stage with counterrotating rotors), radial, diagonal Schichtův and Eckův.
10. The practical operation of compressor stations, the operating point, the practical measurement of energy characteristics, humidity of the air, the pumping of the compressor,... 11. The regulation of the performance of dynamic compressors.
12. The theory of jet compressors the ideal and the real, scheme, description of the activity. Waveforms of velocities and pressures.
13. The flow of gas and vapor nozzles, the choice of the shape of the nozzles, the calculation of the main dimensions of the atomizers, the critical value, the effect of counterpressure.
14. Pump, - the Geodetic, the total traffic and manometric height, mezná suction height of the pump. The transformation of energy, the operational measurements of the energy characteristics. 15. Parallel and serial cooperation of dynamic machines, the operating point of the. Seminar on topics chosen by the listeners
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
BLOCH, P. Heinz. A Practical Guide to Compressor Technology – Second Edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2006, 555 p. ISBN: 978-0-471-72793-4.
KAMINSKÝ, J., KOLARČÍK, K., PUMPRLA, O.: Kompresory. VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2004. ISBN 80-248-0704-1.
KADRNOŽKA, J.: Lopatkové stroje. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s. r. o. Brno, 2003. ISBN 80-7204-297-1.
KADRNOŽKA, J.: Tepelné turbíny a turbokompresory. Akademické nakladatelství CERM, s. r. o. Brno, 2004. ISBN 80-7204-346-3.

Recommended Reading:
LOGAN, E.Jr.: Handbook of Turbomachinery (Mechanical Engineering, No. 158) (2 ed.). New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0995-0.
KHAN, A., A.; GORLA, R.,S.R. Turbomachinery: Design and Theory. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2003. ISBN 0-8247-0980-2.
GIAMPAOLO, T. Compressor Handbook: Principles and Practice. Lilburn: The Fairmont Press, 2010, 361 p. ISBN: 0-88173-616-3
GÜLICH, J. F. Centrifugal Pumps. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, 923 p. ISBN: 978-3-540-73694-3.
BRENNEN, E. Christopher. Hydrodynamics of Pumps. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994, 293 p. ISBN: 0-19-856442-2.
WAHREN, Uno. Practical Introduction to Pumping Technology. Houston: Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 1997, 208 p. ISBN: 0884156869.

SÝKORA, V.: Teorie proudových strojů. Praha, ČVUT, 1991.
KALČÍK, J.: Technická termodynamika. Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd. Praha, 1963.
ŠTROFFEK, E. a kol.: Čerpacie a vzduchotechnická zariadenia. Bratislava, ALFA, 1991.
KAMINSKÝ, J., KOLARČÍK, K.: Kompresory. VŠB-TU Ostrava, 2006. Dostupný na: http://www1.vsb.cz/ke/vyuka/PS/kompresory-skripta.pdf

CHLUMSKÝ, V.: Kompresory. Praha : SNTL, 1978.
BUDLOVSKÝ, J.: Tepelné turbíny a turbokompresory. Praha : ČVUT, 1987.
KONKA, K. H.: Schraubenkompressoren. Düsseldorf : SNTL, 1988.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Seminars, Individual consultations, Tutorials, Experimental work in labs
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit35 16
        ExaminationExamination65 35