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Mineralogy and Petrography

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Course Unit Code541-0028/22
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites There are no prerequisites or co-requisites for this course unit
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
SLI60prof. Ing. Vladimír Slivka, CSc., dr. h. c.
MAL70doc. Ing. Jiří Mališ, Ph.D.
BER32RNDr. Jiří Beránek
Morphology of crystalline substances, crystal symmetry, internal structures of
crystalline substances and interrelations. Chemical crystallography,
geometrical and chemical factors of the origin of structures, isomorphism and
polymorphism. Basic macrodiagnostic physical properties of minerals, optical
properties and their identification by using microscopy. Systematic mineralogy,
classification principles, systematic overview of basic representatives of
elements, sulphides, halides, oxides and hydroxides, nitrates, carbonates,
sulphates, phosphates and silicates. Main processes leading to the origin of
minerals and rocks under various genetic conditions, genetic classification of
rocks (magmatic, sedimentary, metamorphic). Magmatic rocks, principles of
classification based on mineralogical and chemical composition. Sedimentary
rocks, their origin (weathering, transport, sedimentation, diagenesis),
classification of clastic and cementing sediments. Genesis of metamorphic
rocks, physical and chemical factors of metamorphosis, overview of the main
types of metamorphic rocks.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The objective is comprehension of minerals and rocks characteristics, clasification systems, genesis and its research methods.
Students should learn:
Collect basic principles of minerals and rocks characteristics and classifications.
Describe, clarify and interpret natural processes of rocks and minerals cycle.
Theoretically know basic analytical methods for minerals and rocks research.
Ilustrate knowledge in examples of describing and utilization of minerals and rocks.
Course Contents
· Introduction to mineralogy, its distribution and significance. Basic concepts in
mineralogy and crystallography. Basic characteristics
crystalline substances. Morphological crystallography - the main crystallographic
laws, crystal symmetry, symmetry operations and elements, crystal structures
osní and their crosses, simple crystal shapes, Weiss and Miller symbols
stereographic projection. Overview of selected crystal separation
systems (2 lectures).
· Real crystals - a natural development of crystal shape (habit of minerals,
inevitable and random crystal adhesions). Basics of structural crystallography.
Bravaisovy translational lattice. X-ray methods of research crystalline substances.
· Basic chemical and physical crystallography. Geometric and chemical
factor in the development of structures. Chemical bonds. The coordination numbers and polyhedra.
Izomorfie, polymorphism and polytypie. The most important physical makrodiagnostické
properties of minerals.
Crystallography's Fiber - the most important optical properties of minerals and
methods for their determination in transmitted light. Polarizing microscope.
· Systematic Mineralogy - the principle of mineralogical system.
A systematic overview of the most important minerals of the groups of elements, sulfides,
halides, oxides and hydroxides, nitrates, carbonates, sulfates, phosphates. Summary
technical use of selected minerals and their occurrence (2 lectures).
· Systematic mineralogy. The principle of classification based on silicates
structure. A systematic overview of the most important group of silicate minerals -
their characteristics, technical merit and appearance. Rock-meaning groups
silicates (2 lectures).
· Genetic Mineralogy - basic methods of mineral processes
magmatogenními, and sedimentogeními metamorfogenními.
· Introduction to petrography and basic concepts in petrography. The basic division
rocks according to their origin. Igneous rocks - igneous rock formation and
their division, differentiation of magma, minerals of magmatic rocks,
characteristic structures and textures of igneous rocks.
· Igneous rocks - fundamentals of chemical and mineralogical classification
igneous rocks, characteristic of basic types of igneous rocks, their
appearance and practical use.
· Sedimentary rocks - the basic processes of sedimentary rocks
(Weathering, transport, sedimentation, diagenesis), structure and texture of sediments,
rock-forming components of sediments.
· Sedimentary rocks - principles of classification and cementation of clastic
sediments, sediment system, characteristics of basic types of clastic and
cementation of sedimentary rocks, their occurrence and practical use.
· Metamorphic rocks - formation of metamorphic rocks, physical and
chemical factors of metamorphism, types of metamorphosis. The basic structure and texture
metamorphics. Rock-forming minerals metamofitů. The most important
regional and contact metamorphic rocks, their occurrence and practical
use. Migmatites - creation and distribution base.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
HALDAR, S. K. a Josip TIŠLJAR. Introduction to mineralogy and petrology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, [2014]. ISBN 978-0-12-408133-8.
RAYMOND, Loren A. Petrology: the study of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks. Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill, c1995. ISBN 0-697-00190-3.
KLEIN, Cornelis, Barbara DUTROW, James Dwight DANA a Cornelius Searle HURLBUT. The 23rd edition of the manual of mineral science: (after James D. Dana). 23rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley, c2008. ISBN 978-0-471-72157-4.
SEN, Gautam. Petrology: principles and practice. Berlin: Springer, [2014]. ISBN 978-3-642-38799-9.
ZAMARSKÝ, Vítězslav, Miloslava KUDĚLÁSKOVÁ a Vladimír SLIVKA. Mineralogie a petrografie. 2. vyd. Ostrava: VŠB - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 1998. ISBN 80-7078-049-5.
MACHEK, Pavel, Helena RACLAVSKÁ a Konstantin RACLAVSKÝ. Cvičení z mineralogie a petrografie: mineralogie systematická. Ostrava: Vysoká škola báňská, 1990. ISBN 80-7078-040-1.
CHVÁTAL, Marek. Úvod do systematické mineralogie. Praha: Silikátový svaz, 2005. ISBN 80-86821-11-0.
HALDAR, S. K. a Josip TIŠLJAR. Introduction to mineralogy and petrology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, [2014]. ISBN 978-0-12-408133-8.
Recommended Reading:
BERNARD, Jan Hus a Jaroslav HYRŠL, KING, Vandall T., ed. Minerals and their localities. 2nd updated ed. Praha: Granit, 2006. ISBN 80-7296-054-7.
MUKHERJEE, Swapna. Applied mineralogy: applications in industry and environment. Dordrecht: Springer, [2011]. ISBN 978-94007-1161-7.
DEER, William Alexander, Robert Andrew HOWIE a Jack ZUSSMAN. An introduction to the rock-forming minerals. 2nd ed. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall, 1992. ISBN 0-582-30094-0.
FROST, Bryce Ronald a Carol Denison FROST. Essentials of igneous and metamorphic petrology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-107-02754-1.
PRICE, Monica a Kevin WALSH. Horniny a minerály: nový kapesní atlas. Třetí vydání. Přeložil Patricie FRECEROVÁ. V Praze: Slovart, 2018. Nový kapesní atlas. ISBN 978-80-7529-662-7.
COENRAADS, Robert Raymond. Geologie Země: velký obrazový průvodce. Přeložil Jan CEMPÍREK. Čestlice: Rebo Productions, c2007. ISBN 978-80-7234-739-1.
HONS, Richard Jan. Atlas našich hornin. V Praze: Aladin agency, 2017. ISBN 978-80-906737-4-8.
BERNARD, Jan Hus a Jaroslav HYRŠL, KING, Vandall T., ed. Minerals and their localities. 2nd updated ed. Praha: Granit, 2006. ISBN 80-7296-054-7.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 18