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Biological Methods of Raw Material Processing and Waste

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code546-0117/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated3 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Choice-compulsory type B
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *Second Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
KUC25doc. Dr. Ing. Radmila Kučerová
The subject deals with the use of biochemical methods in the processing of minerals and wastes in order to increase the quality of the raw material or to separate the utility components, especially metals. Attention is paid mainly to the methods and applications of biochemical processes in the treatment of primary raw materials such as coal, ore, as well as other raw materials and metalliferous wastes, including electrical waste including used batteries, waste from the mining and treatment of raw materials, mine waters and mine water sediments, metallurgical wastes, contaminated soils, fly ash and many others. With ever-new and evolving industry technologies, the field of industrial use of microorganisms is constantly changing and expanding. Last but not least, biochemical procedures are also used to repair old burdens. Students can then use the knowledge gained in industrial areas dealing with raw material processing and separation of utility components using biochemical techniques that work and are constantly developing dynamically around the world.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The aim of the course is introduce to students the discipline dealing with biological methods of mineral processing and waste. Attention is paid to the methods and applications of biological processes in the acquisition of useful components, especially metals from raw materials and metallic waste, or in the processing and modification of quality raw materials. Acquired knowledge is the basis for optimization, measurement and process control.
Course Contents
1. Introduction. The importance of biological methods in the treatment of minerals and wastes
2. Basic classification of microorganisms
3. Cultivation, dynamics of growth and multiplication of microorganisms
4. Principle and division of bioreactors
5. Biochemical degradation of caustobiolites
6. Biochemical leaching of sulphide ores
7. Biochemical leaching of non-sulphide ores
8. Technology of underground biochemical leaching of ores
9. Technology of biochemical leaching heaps
10. Biochemical leaching of metal waste
11. Biochemical precipitation of metals from solution
12. Biosorption and its use in obtaining metals from solutions
13. Use of extremophilic microorganisms in industrial technologies
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
DÍAZ, E. Microbial biodegradation. Norfolk : Caister Academic Press, 2008. 402 s. ISBN 978-1-904455-17-2.
KOTRBA, P., M. MACKOVÁ, T. MACEK. Microbial biosorption of metals. Dordrecht : Springer, 2011. 329 s. ISBN 978-94-007-0442-8.
SINGH, A., P. O. WARD. Biodegradation and bioremediation. Berlin : Springer, 2004. 309 s. ISBN 3-540-21101-2.
KIRK, G. The biogeochemistry of submerged soils. Chichester : Wiley, 2004. 291 s. ISBN 978-0-470-86301-5.
FEČKO, P. a kol. Biotechnológie v úprave uhlia. Ostrava : VŠB - TUO, 2008. 156 s. ISBN 978-80-248-1701-9.
FEČKO, P. a kol. Environmentální biotechnologie. Ostrava : VŠB - TUO, 2004. 180 s. ISBN 80-248-0700-9.
KUŠNIEROVÁ, M., P. FEČKO. Minerálne biotechnológie I. Ostrava : VŠB-TUO, 2001. 143 s. ISBN 80-248-0023-3.
LEHR, J. H. Wiley's Remediation Technologies Handbook : Major Contaminant Chemicals and Chemical Groups. NJ : John Wiley and Sons, 2004. 1271 s. ISBN 9780471455998.
Recommended Reading:
MANAHAN, S. E. Toxicological chemistry and biochemistry. Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2003. 425 s. ISBN 978-1-56670-618-6.
KUČEROVÁ, R., L. KUČEROVÁ, V. MATÚŠKOVÁ. Biodegradation of selected pollutants in soil and sewage sludge. Košice : Technická univerzita v Košiciach, 2014. 62 s. ISBN 978-80-553-1854-7.
MARGESIN, R., F. SCHINNER. Manual for soil analysis. Berlin : Springer, 2005. 366 s. ISBN 3-540-25346-7.
NAIDU, B. D. Biotechnology & nanotechnology. New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. 329 s. ISBN 978-0-19-534008-2.
KLABAN, V. Svět mikrobů; ilustrovaný lexikon mikrobiologie životního prostředí. Hradec Králové : Gaudeamus, 2001. ISBN 80-7041-687-4. S. 416.
LUPTÁKOVÁ, A., M. KUŠNIEROVÁ, P. FEČKO. Minerálne biotechnológie II. Ostrava : VŠB-TUO, 2002. 143 s. ISBN 80-248-0114-0.
KADUKOVÁ, J., E. VIRČÍKOVÁ. Minerálne biotechnologie III. Ostrava : VŠB-TUO, 2003. 91 s. ISBN 80-248-0244-9.
SINGH, S. N., R. D. TRIPATHI. Environmental bioremediation technologies. Berlin : Springer, 2007. 518 s. ISBN 978-3-540-34790-3.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Experimental work in labs
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 34