Skip to main content
Skip header

Bachelor Physics

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code480-8510/03
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated5 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *Second Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredWinter Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
HLA57prof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D.
POL16RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc.
Particle motion mechanics. Particle systems mechanics. Rigid body mechanics. Hydromechanics. Thermal motion, electrostatic field. Magnetic field, electromagnetic field. Mechanical oscillations, electromagnetic oscillations. Mechanical wave motion, electromagnetic wave motion, optics.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics
Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena
Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena
Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications
Course Contents
The aim of the course is to gain an overview of basic physical laws and to master basic knowledge of physics needed in the study of technical university and their application in practice.
1. Introduction. Physical concepts, quantities, units. Matter, material, physical field. Mass point. Kinematics of mass point motion. Position of mass point, reference system, trajectory, path. Speed, acceleration, natural acceleration components. Classification of movements.
2. Dynamics of mass point motion. Inertial mass, momentum, force, impulse of force, laws of motion. Some types of forces. Newton's equation of motion.
3. Mechanics of motion of mass points and rigid body. Moment of inertia. Moment of force, moment of momentum, pair of forces. Mechanical stress of rigid bodies: mechanical stress, deformation, modulus of elasticity.
4. Mechanical vibration. Undampened, dampened and forced vibration. Pendulums. Graphical representation of oscillating motion. Mechanical waves. Huyghens principle. Sound.
5. Fluid mechanics. Ideal and real liquid. The laws of hydrostatics (Pascal law, Archimedes law) and hydrodynamics (continuity equation, Bernoulli equation) for ideal liquid.
6. Gravitational field. Newton's law of gravity, gravitational field characteristics, gravitational field forces. Gravitational and gravity field of the Earth, movements in the gravity field of the Earth.
7. Thermals. Temperature, temperature scale and heat. Basic concepts of kinetic theory of gases, internal energy of gas, work and heat, heat capacity, thermodynamics. Calorimetric equation.
8. Reversible state changes in ideal gas. Circular action with ideal gas. First, second and third thermodynamic law. State changes - phase diagram.
9. Electrostatic field. Electric charge and its properties, characteristics of electrostatic field. Capacity (capacitor). Stationary electric field. Electric current, conductivity, resistance, electromotive voltage, work and power of electric current.
10. Origin of magnetic field. Stationary magnetic field. Characteristics, forces acting on charge and electric current in magnetic field.
11. Non-stationary magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction, intrinsic and mutual induction. Origin and basic properties of alternating current, electromagnetic wave generation - RLC and LC circuit.
12. Optics. Light as a part of electromagnetic radiation. Spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Dualism of electromagnetic radiation. Wave properties of light (interference, reflection, refraction, bending).
13. Electromagnetic radiation - quantum properties (photoelectric effect, Compton effect, formation of electron-positron pairs), origin of X-rays.
14. Basics of nuclear physics - nuclear transformations, mass loss, radiation attenuation in time and space (on an obstacle).
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, Praha, 1992
Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics II, ČVUT, Praha, 1993
Fojtek, A.: Bakalářská fyzika pro HGF. Skriptum, 1. vyd., Ostrava, VŠB-TU, 2005
Horák, Z., Krupka, F.: Fyzika. SNTL, Praha, 1976 a pozdější vydání
Fojtek, A.: Cvičení z bakalářské fyziky pro HGF. Skriptum, 1. vyd., Ostrava, VŠB-TU, 2006
Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics. Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Recommended Reading:
Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B., Sands, M.: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 2005
Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990
Ilkovič., D.: Fyzika I a II. Alfa, Bratislava, 1973
Landau, L.D., Kitajgorodskij, A.I.: Fyzika pro každého. Horizont, Praha, 1975
Javorskij, B.M., Selezněv, Ju.A.: Přehled elementární fyziky. SNTL, Praha, 1989
Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 18