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## Bachelor Physics

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code Number of ECTS Credits Allocated Type of Course Unit * Level of Course Unit * Year of Study * 480-8510/03 5 ECTS credits Compulsory First Cycle Second Year Winter Semester Face-to-face Czech Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester HLA57 prof. Ing. Libor Hlaváč, Ph.D. POL16 RNDr. Josef Poláček, CSc. Particle motion mechanics. Particle systems mechanics. Rigid body mechanics. Hydromechanics. Thermal motion, electrostatic field. Magnetic field, electromagnetic field. Mechanical oscillations, electromagnetic oscillations. Mechanical wave motion, electromagnetic wave motion, optics. Collect the basic principles and laws of the chosen part of the classical physics Describe, clarify and interpret the particular natural phenomena Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the physical phenomena Illustrate obtained knowledge in the frame of the easy applications The aim of the course is to gain an overview of basic physical laws and to master basic knowledge of physics needed in the study of technical university and their application in practice. 1. Introduction. Physical concepts, quantities, units. Matter, material, physical field. Mass point. Kinematics of mass point motion. Position of mass point, reference system, trajectory, path. Speed, acceleration, natural acceleration components. Classification of movements. 2. Dynamics of mass point motion. Inertial mass, momentum, force, impulse of force, laws of motion. Some types of forces. Newton's equation of motion. 3. Mechanics of motion of mass points and rigid body. Moment of inertia. Moment of force, moment of momentum, pair of forces. Mechanical stress of rigid bodies: mechanical stress, deformation, modulus of elasticity. 4. Mechanical vibration. Undampened, dampened and forced vibration. Pendulums. Graphical representation of oscillating motion. Mechanical waves. Huyghens principle. Sound. 5. Fluid mechanics. Ideal and real liquid. The laws of hydrostatics (Pascal law, Archimedes law) and hydrodynamics (continuity equation, Bernoulli equation) for ideal liquid. 6. Gravitational field. Newton's law of gravity, gravitational field characteristics, gravitational field forces. Gravitational and gravity field of the Earth, movements in the gravity field of the Earth. 7. Thermals. Temperature, temperature scale and heat. Basic concepts of kinetic theory of gases, internal energy of gas, work and heat, heat capacity, thermodynamics. Calorimetric equation. 8. Reversible state changes in ideal gas. Circular action with ideal gas. First, second and third thermodynamic law. State changes - phase diagram. 9. Electrostatic field. Electric charge and its properties, characteristics of electrostatic field. Capacity (capacitor). Stationary electric field. Electric current, conductivity, resistance, electromotive voltage, work and power of electric current. 10. Origin of magnetic field. Stationary magnetic field. Characteristics, forces acting on charge and electric current in magnetic field. 11. Non-stationary magnetic field. Electromagnetic induction, intrinsic and mutual induction. Origin and basic properties of alternating current, electromagnetic wave generation - RLC and LC circuit. 12. Optics. Light as a part of electromagnetic radiation. Spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Dualism of electromagnetic radiation. Wave properties of light (interference, reflection, refraction, bending). Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics I, Department of Physics, FEE, CTU, Praha, 1992 Pekárek, S., Murla, M.: Physics II, ČVUT, Praha, 1993 Fojtek, A.: Bakalářská fyzika pro HGF. Skriptum, 1. vyd., Ostrava, VŠB-TU, 2005 Horák, Z., Krupka, F.: Fyzika. SNTL, Praha, 1976 a pozdější vydání Fojtek, A.: Cvičení z bakalářské fyziky pro HGF. Skriptum, 1. vyd., Ostrava, VŠB-TU, 2006 Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walder, J.: Fundamentals of Physics. Fifth Editon Extended, 1997, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B., Sands, M.: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 2005 Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990 Ilkovič., D.: Fyzika I a II. Alfa, Bratislava, 1973 Landau, L.D., Kitajgorodskij, A.I.: Fyzika pro každého. Horizont, Praha, 1975 Javorskij, B.M., Selezněv, Ju.A.: Přehled elementární fyziky. SNTL, Praha, 1989 Jones, E.R., Childers, R.L.: Contemporary College Physics. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, USA, 1990 Lectures, Tutorials Credit and Examination Credit and Examination 100 (100) 51 Credit Credit 33 17 Examination Examination 67 18