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Wastewater Treatment Technology

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code546-0151/01
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated4 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Compulsory
Level of Course Unit *Second Cycle
Year of Study *First Year
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
KYN43prof. Dr. Ing. Miroslav Kyncl
MAL45Ing. Petra Malíková, Ph.D.
The course deals with wastewater treatment by biological methods. It is based on the theory of aerobic and anaerobic cleaning. Modern methods of nutrient removal are introduced. Great attention is paid to sanitation, processing and use of sludge.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
The aim of the course is to extend the knowledge of biological wastewater treatment. Describe the main technological articles including their parameters. Explain aerobic and anaerobic processes in detail. Learn about the latest nutrient removal procedures. In sludge management, pay attention to sludge hygiene and phosphorus utilization.
Course Contents
1. Waste waters, character of pollutants in waters, organic substances and their determination, composition and amount of sewage water, micro-pollutants. Basics of legislation.
2.Technological lines of large, medium and small WWTP. Centralized and decentralized treatment, industrial waste water, mechanical treatment, coarse pre-treatment.
3.Setting and thickening of process theory suspensions, settling and thickening tanks, design of settling tanks, technological parameters of tanks.
4.General basics of biological treatment processes, growth and multiplication of microorganism, growth curve, kinetic principles of microorganism selection, kinetics of substrate removal.
5. Principles of aerobic wastewater treatment, activated sludge, metabolism of organic compounds, removal of organic substances.
6.Basic methods of activated sludge cultivation, activation process, basic technological parameters, oxygen consumption, oxygen transfer to water.
7.Aeration of activation tanks, pneumatic aeration, technological modifications of conventional activation systems, technological parameters, examples of activation.
8. Biofilm reactors, properties of biofilm, sprayed biological columns, classification and parameters, rotary reactors, combined biomass cultivation.
9.Biological nitrogen removal, nitrification, denitrification, activation systems of nitrogen removal, bioaugmentation, Anammox system
10.Biological phosphorus removal, activation systems of phosphorus removal, common biological removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, chemical removal of phosphorus.
11. Separation of activated sludge, separation properties of sludge and their influence, identification of filamentous organisms, and metabolic selection of sludge.
12. Final settling tanks, operation and control, technological parameters of tanks, membrane separation, design, advantages and disadvantages of membrane processes.
13.Anaerobic treatment processes, comparison of aerobic and anaerobic processes, principle of anaerobic decomposition, anaerobic wastewater treatment, types of reactors.
14. Treatment of sewage sludge, anaerobic stabilization, reactors, sludge gas, sludge water, further sludge hygiene, sludge drying and incineration. Extraction of phosphorus from sludge.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
Practical wastewater treatment. Hoboken: Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-470-06792-6.
DOHÁNYOS, Michal, Jan KOLLER a Nina STRNADOVÁ. Čištění odpadních vod. Vyd. 2. Praha: Vydavatelství VŠCHT, 1998. ISBN 80-7080-316-9.
CHUDOBA, Jan, Michal DOHÁNYOS a Jiří WANNER. Biologické čištění odpadních vod. Praha: SNTL - Nakladatelství technické literatury, 1991. Ochrana životního prostředí. ISBN 80-03-00611-2.
BINDZAR, Jan. Základy úpravy a čištění vod. Praha: Vydavatelství VŠCHT, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7080-729-3.
Practical wastewater treatment. Hoboken: Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-470-06792-6.
Recommended Reading:
CHEREMISINOFF, Nicholas P. Handbook of water and wastewater treatment technologies. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, c2002. Pollution engineering. ISBN 0-75067498-9.
MALÝ, Josef a Petr HLAVÍNEK. Čištění průmyslových odpadních vod. Brno: NOEL 2000, 1996. ISBN 80-86020-05-3.
Zákon o vodovodech a kanalizacích pro veřejnou potřebu č. 274/2001 Sb.
Nařízení vlády č. 401/2015 Sb.
CHEREMISINOFF, Nicholas P. Handbook of water and wastewater treatment technologies. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, c2002. Pollution engineering. ISBN 0-75067498-9.
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Task TitleTask TypeMaximum Number of Points
(Act. for Subtasks)
Minimum Number of Points for Task Passing
Credit and ExaminationCredit and Examination100 (100)51
        CreditCredit33 17
        ExaminationExamination67 18