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ECTS Course Overview



Basics of Hydrology and Pedology

* Exchange students do not have to consider this information when selecting suitable courses for an exchange stay.

Course Unit Code616-2026/02
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated4 ECTS credits
Type of Course Unit *Optional
Level of Course Unit *First Cycle
Year of Study *
Semester when the Course Unit is deliveredSummer Semester
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-face
Language of InstructionCzech, English
Prerequisites and Co-Requisites Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester
Name of Lecturer(s)Personal IDName
PAV13Ing. Irena Pavlíková
LAC0012Ing. Eva Szotkowská Lacková, Ph.D.
Summary
Bbasics of hydrology, quantification of water supplies in the hydrosphere are studied. Elements of the hydrological balance, procedures for the measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing are studied. Further the study is focused on soil forming factors, physical and physico-chemical characteristics of the soil, agrochemical soil characteristics, soil water, hydrostatics and hydrodynamics of soil water, soil classification. Finally, attention is paid to movement of water below the surface, hydropedological survey and water regime of soil.
Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit
- Basic skills assessment measurement of basic hydrological variables, their statistical and graphical processing
- Basic skills characterize basin
- Basic skills assessment to measure basic Hydropedological variables, their statistical and graphical processing
- Basic skills soil classification
Course Contents
1. Basic concepts. The importance of hydrology and distribution. The development of hydrology. The emergence of water. Hydrosphere and its components. Distribution of water on Earth. The occurrence of water on Earth.
2. River Basin. Rainfall-runoff process in the basin. The hydrological cycle. Hydrological balance. Balance equations.
3. atmospheric moisture. Fumes. Precipitation (formation of a species, extreme rainfall, precipitation measurements, surface and temporal distribution of precipitation.).
4. Watercourses. River network (classification essential characteristics). Water conditions and their observations. Flow measurement. Specific flow curve.
5. Lines fifth frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows.
6. frequency and flow duration curves. Impacts to surface runoff. Maximum flow rates. Minimum flows. Winter flow regime and ice phenomena. Floods.
7. Water tank. Purpose of reservoirs and their distribution. River Basin reservoirs, determine the maximum amount of runoff. Dams. Thermal and chemical stratification. The movements of water masses.
8. Subsurface water. Groundwater. Hydrological balance of groundwater quality and its evaluation. Underground drainage component. Overview of methods for determining the underground effluent constituents.
9. Pedogenesis (pedogenetic factors - the mother substrate, climate, organisms, topography, groundwater, human activity, the effect of time), partial pedogenetic processes - weathering, soil humus, peat, translocation and accumulation).
10. Physical properties of soil (soil texture, soil porosity, soil water, soil air, soil thermal regime). Soil Chemistry and agrochemical soil properties.
11. Systematics and classification of soils (soil profile and characteristics of soil horizons). Soil types.
12. Soil Fertility. Soil Fund. Agricultural soil improvement.
13. Hydropedology: Characteristics of soil water. Category soil water. The potential of soil water. Classification systems of soil water. Measurement of soil moisture. Thermodynamics of soil water.
14. Water regime of soil (hydropedological basic balance equations, sources of water in the soil, evapotranspiration, soil water regime types, hydrologic function of soil types). Influence of drainage on land. Effect of irrigation on soil.
Recommended or Required Reading
Required Reading:
BRUTSAERT, Wilfried. Hydrology: An Introduction. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005. 605 p. ISBN-13: 978-0521824798.
NYPL, Vladimír a KURÁŽ, Václav. Hydrologie a pedologie. Praha : Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická, 1992. 293 s. ISBN 80-7080-152-2.
KEMEL, Miroslav. Klimatologie, meteorologie, hydrologie. Praha : České vysoké učení technické v Praze, 2000. 290 s. ISBN: 80-01-01456-8.
Recommended Reading:
Hydrology Handbook. 2nd ed. USA : American Society of Civil Engineers, 1996. 864 p. ISBN: 0-7844-0138-1.
KUTÍLEK, Miroslav; CÍSLEROVÁ, Milena a KURÁŽ, Václav. Hydropedologie. Praha : Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická, 1993. 150 s. ISBN 80-0100-956-4.
KUTÍLEK, Miroslav a NIELSEN, Donald R. Soil Hydrology. Catena: Cremlingen-Destet, 1994. 370 p. ISBN: 978-3923381265
NĚMEČEK, Jan; SMOLÍKOVÁ, Libuše a KUTÍLEK, Miroslav. Pedologie a paleopedologie. Vyd. 1. Praha : Academia, 1990. 546 s. ISBN 80-200-0153-0.
NĚMEČEK, Jan. Taxonomický klasifikační systém půd České republiky. Vyd. 1. Praha : Česká zemědělská univerzita, 2001. 79 s. ISBN 80-238-8061-6
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, Tutorials
Assesment methods and criteria
Tasks are not Defined