|Course Unit Code||616-2025/02|
|Number of ECTS Credits Allocated||4 ECTS credits|
|Type of Course Unit *||Optional|
|Level of Course Unit *||First Cycle|
|Year of Study *|
|Semester when the Course Unit is delivered||Winter, Summer Semester|
|Mode of Delivery||Face-to-face|
|Language of Instruction||Czech, English|
|Prerequisites and Co-Requisites ||Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester|
|Name of Lecturer(s)||Personal ID||Name|
|FIE38||Ing. Jiří Fiedor, Ph.D.|
|The subject is focused on the problems of waste management area, the sources and kinds of wastes, its selection, methods of disposal and the legislative in this area. Students also will gain the knowledge about the basic methods for waste processing.|
|Learning Outcomes of the Course Unit|
|- student will know to define the basic requirements comming form the valid legislative in the given area
- student will know the basic obligations of waste producers
- student will know the sources of wastes from the production and consumption area
- student will know analyze the waste samples for the basic physical and thermochemical properties
|1. Basics of Waste Management. Causes of waste generation. Types and categories of waste. Historical development of waste management. Hazardous waste properties. Priority of waste treatment. The use of waste . Recycling and recovery of waste.
2. Municipal waste. Collection of municipal waste. Sorting and separate collection of municipal waste. Hazardous substances in municipal waste. The use of components of municipal waste. Treatment of residual of municipal waste. Mechanical sorting of municipal waste. Sludge from municipal waste water treatment plants.
3. Wastes from inorganic chemical production Recycling of used catalysts and sludge. Wastes containing fluorine. Cyanide. Wastes from organic chemical manufacturing . Polymer waste (ethylene , phenol , propylene, formaldehyde). Metal-bearing wastes. Recycling of metal waste containing aluminum, copper, lead, cadmium.
4. Waste of engineering industry. Used coolant, cutting emulsions of machining operations. Residues colors of paint shops and spray booths . The cleaning agents. Spent oil filters and used greases from dismantled machines. Oil sludge from quenching the scale residue.
5. Waste from construction industry. Wastes from land buildings. Wastes from transport and civil engineering. Soils and excavation materials, construction debris, road demolition materials, construction waste from construction sites. Building waste treatment and recovery.
6. Waste from energy industry and metallurgy. Residual products of the energy industry (ash, fly ash, slag) . The harmful effect of fly ash on health and environment. The use of fly ash and slag in construction. Practical possibilities of use of fly ash in agriculture. Waste production and processing from metallurgical plants.
7. Wastes from the manufacture of electrical equipment containing PCBs. PVC packages. Waste from mining, transportation, processing and utilization of oil. Volatile organic compounds, VOCs. Spent lubricating oil.
8. Waste from agriculture and forestry. Wastes from crop production and processing. Livestock waste. The use and processing of wood.
9. Legislation of waste management. Act No. 185/2001, about waste. The concept of waste, hazardous waste , municipal waste and other concepts. The classification of waste under the Waste Catalogue. Further implementing legislation .
10. Physical methods of waste treatment and basic characteristics. Adsorption . Distillation . Solvent extraction . Membrane separation . Freeze-drying. Chemical methods of waste treatment. Detoxification . Neutralization. Oxidation, reduction. Hydrolysis. Precipitation. Electrolytic processes. The use of ion exchangers. Flocculation. Physico - chemical methods of processing waste. Solidification (hardening) of the waste.
11. Landfill disposal. Principles controlled landfill. Types of waste that can be landfilled. Types of landfills. Groups landfill according to applicable legislation. Fees for landfill. Financial provision for remediation, restoration and aftercare of the landfill.
12. Composting of waste. Aerobic biodegradation. The purpose and nature of composting. The course of composting. Basic conditions for composting. Phase composting. Anaerobic decomposition. Conditions for the proper conduct of anaerobic decomposition. Products of anaerobic decomposition. Advantages and disadvantages of anaerobic digestion.
13. Energy recovery (incineration) . The principle of combustion, the combustion process. Combustible waste. Advantages and disadvantages of incineration. General scheme of waste incinerators.
14. Pyrolysis of waste. The principle of pyrolysis. The course of pyrolysis. Pyrolysis products and ways of dealing with them. Implementation of the pyrolysis process in practice. Gasification of waste. The principle of gasification. Waste suitable for gasification. The process and the use of gasification . Advantages and disadvantages of gasification.
|Recommended or Required Reading|
|FIEDOR, Jiří. Waste Management. VSB - TU Ostrava, 2020.
BILITEWSKI B., HARDTKE G., MAREK K., WEISSBACH A. a BOEDICCKER H.: Waste Management. Springer – Verlag, Berlin 1997.
|FIEDOR, Jiří. Odpadové hospodářství I [CD-ROM]. Ostrava: Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2012. ISBN 978-80-248-2573-1.
KURAŠ M., a kol.: Odpady, jejich využití a zneškodňování. ČEÚ Praha 1994.
Platná legislativa k problematice odpadového hospodářství.
|LA GREGA D. M., BUCKINGHAMP. L. a ŠVAND J. C.: Hazardous Waste Management. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, New York, 2001.|
|FILIP, J. a kol. Odpadové hospodářství. ES MZLU Brno, 2004, 118 s., ISBN 80-7157-608-5.
|Planned learning activities and teaching methods|
|Assesment methods and criteria|
|Tasks are not Defined|